FICO® stands for Fair Isaac & Company and is the name for the most well known credit scoring system, used by Experian. The credit bureau’s computer evaluates a complete credit profile and assigns a score, which is used to estimate credit worthiness. Each of the three bureaus (Experian, Trans Union, Equifax) employs its own scoring system, so a given person will usually have 3 separate scores. Someone with a higher score will be viewed as a better risk than someone with a lower score. Typically, scores will range from about 600 to 700 or above, although some cases will be outside this range.
What Kind of Score Do I Need for a Home Loan?
There are as many answers to this question as there are loan programs available. Most lenders will take the average of all 3 scores to evaluate an application. Niche loans, such as Easy Qualifier and low down payment loans will have higher FICO® requirements.
How is My Score Determined?
The FICO® model has 5 main elements:
Past payment history (about 35% of score) The fewer the late payments the better. Recent late payments will have a much greater impact than a very old Bankruptcy with perfect credit since. Myth - paying off cards with recent late payments will fix things. Payoffs do not affect payment history.
Credit use (about 30% of score) Low balances across several cards is better than the same balance concentrated on a few cards used closer to maximums. Too many cards can bring down the score, but closing accounts can often do more harm than good if the entire profile is not considered. BE CAREFUL WHEN CLOSING ACCOUNTS!
Length of credit history (15% of score) The longer accounts have been open the better for the score. Opening new accounts and closing seasoned accounts can bring down a score a great deal.
Types of credit used (10% of score) Finance company accounts score lower than bank or department store accounts.
Inquiries (10% of score) Multiple inquiries can be a risk if several cards are applied for or other accounts are close to maxed out. Multiple mortgage or car inquiries within a 14 day period are counted as one inquiry.
How Can I Raise My Score
Your score can only be changed by the way that item is reported directly to the credit bureaus (Experian, TU, Equifax). Written confirmation from the creditor is required.
It is best to make these corrections before you try to purchase a home, because you can never be sure the exact impact a change will have on your score.
What Does This Mean to Me?
You should have your credit reviewed BEFORE you look for a home, and work with a PROFESSIONAL loan officer to make sure your loan is based on the most accurate information.
Metro Brokers Of Oklahoma
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Cindy is the utmost professional bringing all her expertise but also a personable, friendly perspective during a house hunt. She helped us look ALL DAY LONG and gave us terrific advice and feedback. She helped us purchase our dream house and we highly recommend her. We hope to stay in this home forever but if we ever did move again, there would be no doubt who to call.
Julia Wagner Leinen
Cindy was such a blessing to my husband and I when we were looking to buy our first house. She carefully sought out houses and neighborhoods that's would fit our needs. She gave us multiple options and was always available when we had questions. When we finally decided on a house, she did an awesome job communicating with the sellers, and working out a great deal for us! I thought buying a home would be so stressful and hard because we are young and don't know much about real estate. But with Cindy, it was a breeze and an exciting process! I can't think of anyone else I would rather have partnered with when looking for a home for my family!
Mike and Kaci Moore
Cindy is a superb realtor and guided us through every step of the home-buying process with the upmost professionalism. She was easy to reach and always kept us updated on the status of our paperwork. We couldn't be more be pleased with Cindy and recommend her without hesitation to anyone wanting to buy or sell a home.
Brian and Maria Sargent
Cindy was so easy to talk to & made us feel comfortable as she walked us through the processes step by step. She updated our education on Oklahoma properties. When I was fretful, she would remind me that God would lead us to the right place. After a snafoo after closing, she jumped at the chance to make things right. Thank you, Cindy! Don and Sue Ann Wagner
I know she's my mom, but she worked her hinny off helping Brandon I buy a house in 2013! She was so patient and helpful! Brandon and I didn't know the first thing about buying a house, credit, or anything and she walked is through it!
Brandon and Ashley Kirby